Kratom leaf is a tropical tree that belongs to the coffee family. Kratom (Mitragyna speciose) generally exists in Asian countries such as Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand. Kratom leaf extract is commonly used as a stimulant and sedative, treat chronic pain, digestive problems, and as an aid to eliminate opium dependence. However, clinical trials are still ongoing in understanding the benefits of kratom.
Many assumptions about the pros and cons related to the use of kratom leave for medical purposes. Kratom leaves are legal in several states in the United States, but illegal in Australia, Thailand, Malaysia, and some European Union countries. In the United States, kratom is marketed as alternative medicine, but in Indonesia, kratom is included in illegal drugs.
What is the content of Kratom leaves? How long does kratom last? At low doses, kratom will work as a stimulant. People who have used kratom with low doses claim to be more energetic and increase self-confidence. At higher doses, kratom is used as a sedative, producing euphoric effects, accumulating emotions, and sensations. The main active ingredients of kratom are mitragynine and 7-hydroxy mitragynine alkaloids which have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, or muscle relaxation effects. For this reason, kratom is often used to relieve symptoms of fibromyalgia.
Kratom leaf processing is usually dried and crushed or made into powder, and generally, kratom powder can be mixed with other leaves to add color. Kratom is also available in the form of pasta, capsules, and tablets. In the United States, kratom is mostly brewed as a tea to reduce pain and the effects of opioids. Kratom with a small dose produces a stimulant effect that usually occurs 10 minutes after use and can last up to 1.5 hours.
Kratom is also known as a plant that has a 10-fold danger level above cannabis and cocaine. The use of kratom in small amounts is stimulant or the same as cocaine, but the use of large types is opioid or the same as heroin morphine. For the past five years, kratom has become a polemic among researchers and policymakers. While researchers continue to research to ascertain the side effects of kratom use, policymakers fear kratom is misused. Kratom has not been studied in-depth, so officially it has not been recommended for medical use and raises several questions. Is kratom dangerous? How big can kratom be addictive? How strong is kratom able to relieve pain?
Studies on kratom are conducted to identify effects, determine effective doses, and harmful interactions with other drugs. Kratom contains almost all alkaloids such as opium and hallucinogenic fungi that have a positive effect on human physicality. The American Food and Drug Administration is pursuing efforts to monitor the safety or purity of these herbs, but there are no standards set to produce kratom safely. Since October 2016, the United States government has finally handed over the legality of kratom to each state. Most of them are legal, some are forbidding, and some don’t dare to make decisions. However, there are still many who abuse the use of kratom leaves. Therefore, the United States government took a firm stance by limiting the number of kratoms that entered the country.
In terms of other qualitative research, kratom can be an alternative medicine for people who use kratom. With a few dangerous side effects, people have succeeded in using kratom to get out of opioid addiction and effectively being able to treat their pain.
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